What Is An Orgasm? What Causes An Orgasm?


Exploring the uniqueness of human experiences, Orgasm is a captivating subject of our curiosity and scientific interest. This intense pleasure is beyond verbal expression yet paradoxically simple to understand. Defined by sudden and intense pleasure, marked pelvic muscle spasms, and a surge in pulse rate, orgasm is simply the peak of sexual excitement.

Continue reading as we reveal Orgasm and all the theories surrounding this profound sensation.

What Is An Orgasm? Different Types Of Orgasm

An Orgasm is the climax of sexual pleasure, a psychological and physiological response associated with sexual activity. This part of sexual biology is best known amongst humans when their body releases sexual pleasure and tension.


What Causes An Orgasm?

Orgasm is associated with sexual activity, and its causes are multifaceted, from different physiological to psychological processes. Different factors that contribute to an Orgasm involve:

  • Sexual stimulation (or arousal) of erogenous zones, particularly genitals, contribute to the sexual tension, thus leading to an Orgasm.
  • The nervous system responds to signals from the brain, triggering muscle contractions, heightened sensitivity, and increased muscle flow, leading to an orgasm.
  • The climax of sexual activity involving the rhythmic contractions of pelvic muscles is one of the significant physical manifestations of an Orgasm.
  • The release of different hormones, including Endorphins and Oxytocin, that contribute to the feeling of pleasure and love (respectively) promotes the emotional connection leading to an Orgasm.
  • In males, ejaculation often leads to orgasm, while females can experience orgasm without a refractory period. Despite the common causes, gender can play a crucial role in Orgasm.
  • Emotional and psychological factors, including intimacy, mental arousal, and a sense of connection with the partner, can altogether contribute to the feeling of Orgasm.

What Happens During An Orgasm? How Does It Feel?

The feelings (or sensations) during an Orgasm can vary from individual to individual Or male to female. However, there are certain everyday things that both males and females go through while experiencing an Orgasm. 

  1. Muscle Contraction: The climax of sexual excitement triggers rhythmic constrictions of pelvic muscles, contributing to the physical intensity of an orgasm.
  2. Tension Build-up: Sexual arousal leads to the accumulation of tension in the genital area and erogenous zones.
  3. Changes in Breathing and Heart Rate: During an Orgasm (especially during its heightened stage), both males and females experience sudden increases in breathing and heart rate.
  4. Extreme Pleasure: Right before the heightened stage, during the tension phase, there’s an intense and pleasurable release of built-up sexual energy.
  5. Hormonal Release: During Orgasm, the brain releases Endorphins (hormones responsible for enhancing mood), leading to a feeling of happiness and well-being.
  6. Emotional Release and Euphoria: The feeling of an Orgasm is often associated with a sense of emotional release and euphoria.
  7. Different Sensations: During an Orgasm, both male and female may experience warmth, tingling, and a range of other similar sensations in different body parts.
  8. Some individuals may experience the feeling of pleasure and satisfaction along with physical and emotional intimacy.

What Happens After An Orgasm?

In the sexual response cycle, the phase right after Orgasm is referred to as the ‘Resolution Phase.’ It typically comes with different physiological and emotional changes varying amongst individuals and genders. Some of the common post-orgasm effects include:

  • A feeling of intense muscle construction followed by gradual relaxation around the pelvic area and other tensed parts involved in the process of an Orgasm.
  • A reduction in overall physical and mental tension along with the feeling of overall relaxation.
  • Decreased blood flow to the genital area returns the body to normal.
  • Heartbeat and blood pressure returning to normal (increased during the Orgasm state).
  • Males experience a ‘Refractory Period’ during which another erection or orgasm becomes difficult or nearly impossible for them (almost immediately).
  • A sense of emotional closeness, satisfaction, and contentment.
  • Release of Oxytocin, aka ‘Love Hormone’ leads to the feeling of bonding and intimacy.
  • A sense of bliss.
  • A neutral or relaxed state.

The post-orgasm effects can differ from individual to individual depending upon one’s emotional strenght, relationship dynamics, and more such factors.

How Long Does An Orgasm Last?

An Orgasm can last anywhere from 10 seconds to 30 seconds, depending on individuals, couples, and various factors. The buildup of sexual tension along with the Resolution Phase lasts longer; however, an Orgasm is often short-lived.

The duration of an Orgasm also depends upon the intensity of the stimulation, level of arousal, and similar factors. Age can also play an important role as people during the later stage of their life may experience a shorter orgasm than youngsters.

Types Of An Orgasm

An Orgasm can be of different types, and here are some of the commonly recognized ones among them:

  • Vaginal Orgasm that arouse through the stimulation of the vagina.
  • Clitoral Orgasm (debatable whether it is different from Vagianl Orgasm or not) happens to be more intense and pleasurable. Clitoral is a highly sensitive area located at the top of the Valvua.
  • Granfenberg, or G-Spot Orgasm, is often described as extremely deep and powerful.
  • Cervical Orgasm that arouses through stimulation of the cervix is less common and may need deeper penetration since the cervix is located at the lower part of the uterus.
  • Anal Orgasm that arouse through the stimulation of the anus and surrounding areas. It is common in both men and women.
  • Combination Orgasm that arises through the involvement of different stimulations.
  • Lastly, Mental or Emotional Orgasm arises purely through mental and emotional reasons.

Also Read:- How To Lower Sex Drive Instantly? Instant Strategies To Lower Sex Drive

Types Of An Orgasm

End Result

Overall, the mystery of an Orgasm involves a complex combination of both emotional and physiological elements. Orgasm is the climax of sexual tension and is absolutely pleasurable. This unique experience is, in fact, the primary reason for sexual intimacy, be it penetration or in any other form.

However, it is essential to learn that as individuals differ, so does their orgasm and personal experience in this natural phenomenon. Since orgasm is a part of sexual intimacy, it can’t be controlled or regulated. Remember, every climax (Orgasm) is as unique as the individual experiencing it.


  1. Kratochvil S. (1994). [Vaginal contractions in female orgasm].
  2. Dingfelder SF. (2011). Understanding orgasm.
  3. Planned Parenthood. Orgasms (https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sex-pleasure-and-sexual-dysfunction/sex-and-pleasure/orgasms). Accessed 5/9/2022.

Our recommendations are rooted in genuine belief in the benefits of the products bring to users. When you purchase through our links, we may earn a commission, supporting our testing and development without adding any cost for you. Learn more.

Dr. David G Kiely is a distinguished Medical Reviewer and former General Medicine Consultant with a wealth of experience in the field. Dr. Kiely's notable career as a General Medicine Consultant highlights his significant contributions to the medical field.

Learn More

Leave a Comment