Can Constipation Cause Fever? Exploring The Connection


Millions of individuals globally experience constipation, a prevalent digestive concern. It occurs when bowel movements become infrequent or difficult to pass, leading to discomfort and various other symptoms. While constipation itself is not typically associated with fever, there are certain circumstances where the two may be linked. The question is, “Can constipation cause fever?” Many individuals might wonder about this, particularly if they are encountering these symptoms at the same time.

To better understand the relationship between constipation and fever, it is essential to explore the various factors that can contribute to both conditions. This article will delve into the potential links between constipation and fever, discuss related conditions such as diverticulitis, and provide information on treatment options for both constipation and abdominal pain. We aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of this topic and help individuals make informed decisions about their digestive health.

Can constipation cause fever?

When considering the question, “Can constipation cause fever?” it is essential to understand that constipation itself is not a direct cause of fever. Fever is a symptom that usually indicates an underlying infection or inflammation in the body. However, in some cases, the complications arising from severe or prolonged constipation may lead to a fever.

constipation cause fever

1. Diverticulitis

One such complication is diverticulitis, a condition where small pouches (diverticula) in the intestinal wall become inflamed or infected. Diverticulitis can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, and changes in bowel movements. Neglecting treatment for diverticulitis may result in more severe complications, including the formation of abscesses or perforations in the intestinal wall.

2. Blockage in intestine

Another scenario where constipation and fever may be related is when an impacted bowel causes a blockage in the intestines. This blockage can lead to a buildup of bacteria, which may result in an infection. In such cases, individuals may experience symptoms like abdominal pain, bloating, and fever alongside their constipation.

It is important to note that while constipation can contribute to the development of certain conditions that cause fever, it is not a guarantee that constipation will lead to a fever. Many people experience occasional constipation without any associated fever or severe complications.

If you are experiencing constipation and develop a fever, it is crucial to pay attention to your body and seek medical advice. Consulting your healthcare provider is essential to identify the root cause of your symptoms and receive suitable recommendations for effective treatment.

How to treat constipation?

Treatment for constipation typically involves lifestyle changes, such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and engaging in regular physical activity. Over-the-counter laxatives may also be recommended in some cases.

However, if you experience severe abdominal pain or persistent fever alongside constipation, it is essential to consult with a medical professional promptly.

In cases where diverticulitis is the cause of fever and abdominal pain, treatment may involve antibiotics to address the infection, pain relief medication, and dietary changes. Surgery may be necessary in severe cases or when complications arise.

Factors causing constipation

When discussing the potential link between constipation and fever, it is important to consider other factors that may contribute to the development of fever. For example, certain medications, such as opioids or anticholinergics, can cause both constipation and increase the risk of infections, which may lead to fever.

Additionally, underlying health conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease or colorectal cancer, can cause both constipation and fever as symptoms.

If you experience chronic constipation or frequently have difficulty with bowel movements, it is essential to address the issue with your healthcare provider. They can help identify any underlying causes and recommend appropriate treatment options to alleviate your symptoms and prevent potential complications.

What measures can I take against constipation?

In addition to medical treatment, there are several self-care measures you can take to manage constipation and promote regular bowel movements. These include:

  1. Increasing your fiber intake through a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
  2. Drinking plenty of water and staying hydrated throughout the day.
  3. Participating in consistent physical activity can promote and encourage regular bowel
  4. Establishing a regular toilet routine and avoiding the habit of holding in bowel movements.
  5. Use over-the-counter laxatives or stool softeners as directed by your healthcare provider.

By incorporating these lifestyle changes and working closely with your healthcare provider, you can effectively manage constipation and reduce the risk of associated complications, such as fever.

Is it more than just constipation?

It is also worth noting that constipation can sometimes be a symptom of a more serious underlying health condition. For example, in rare cases, constipation accompanied by fever may indicate a condition called toxic megacolon, which is a severe complication of inflammatory bowel disease or infections like Clostridium difficile. Toxic megacolon is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment to prevent life-threatening complications.

Another rare but serious condition that can cause both constipation and fever is Hirschsprung's disease, a congenital disorder that affects the large intestine. In this condition, certain nerve cells are missing from the intestinal wall, leading to difficulty with bowel movements and potential infections.

While these serious conditions are rare, they highlight the importance of seeking medical attention if you experience persistent constipation accompanied by fever or other concerning symptoms. Your healthcare provider can perform the necessary tests and evaluations to rule out any underlying health issues and provide appropriate treatment.


In conclusion, while constipation itself does not directly cause fever, it can lead to complications that may result in a fever. Diverticulitis and impacted bowel are two examples where constipation can contribute to the development of fever and abdominal pain.

If you experience persistent constipation accompanied by fever or severe discomfort, it is essential to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Remember, maintaining a healthy digestive system through a balanced diet, adequate hydration, and regular exercise can help prevent constipation and its potential complications. By taking proactive steps to manage your digestive health, you can reduce the risk of experiencing the discomfort and complications associated with constipation.

So, the next time you find yourself wondering if constipation causes fever? remember that while the two are not directly linked, constipation can lead to other health issues that may cause fever. Don't hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider if you have concerns about your digestive health or experience any unusual symptoms alongside constipation.

By staying informed and proactive, you can maintain optimal digestive health and overall well-being. What steps will you take today to prioritize your digestive health and prevent constipation?

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Dr. David G Kiely is a distinguished Medical Reviewer and former General Medicine Consultant with a wealth of experience in the field. Dr. Kiely's notable career as a General Medicine Consultant highlights his significant contributions to the medical field.

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